Ford to offer diesel in new Transit van

3.2-Litre Power Stroke Turbo Diesel will make North American Debut in 2014 Ford Transit

Published: December 11, 2012, 3:00 AM

The all-new Ford Transit full-size van, which will go on sale here late next year, will be available with a new, 3.2-litre, Power Stroke five-cylinder clean diesel engine.

The new diesel, the second to be offered by Ford in North America, has a proven record of reliability, durability and refinement already established in the global Ford Ranger truck application.

It will be the only five-cylinder diesel engine available in a commercial van in North America.

"Commercial van drivers... want a fuel-efficient diesel engine with smooth, responsive performance and low operating costs," said Joe Bakaj, Ford vice president of Powertrain Engineering. "The 3.2-litre Power Stroke engine has been developed and proven globally to deliver a world-class combination of power, fuel economy and refinement."

While the power rating has yet to be certified for North America, the five-cylinder turbo diesel is rated at 197 horsepower and 347 lb-ft of torque in Europe. With a flat torque plateau – 90% of peak torque is available from 1,700 to 3,500 rpm – Transit will be well suited for both city and highway service.

Featuring state-of-the-science piezoelectric fuel injectors, a high-pressure common-rail fuel system, and advanced emissions technologies, it is said to achieve exceptional fuel economy ratings without affecting power levels.

Precise injection timing and calibration also ensure a smooth combustion process to reduce diesel combustion clatter, resulting in lower noise levels, more like a gasoline engine, Ford says.

Each injector nozzle has eight spray holes and can deliver up to five injections per combustion cycle. A pilot injection controls noise levels and a main injection is used for power generation.

Technical features include:

-Quick-start glow plugs that enable smooth and fast startups at cold temperatures

-Aluminum cylinder heads with double overhead cams and four valves per cylinder

-Advanced common rail piezoelectric fuel injectors that deliver multiple injections per stroke; maximum fuel pressure is 26,100 psi

-Variable nozzle turbocharger with electronic actuation; maximum impellor speed of 197,800 rpm

-Selective catalytic reduction for reduced nitrogen oxide emissions

-Integrated diesel oxidation catalyst and diesel particulate filter

-Expected to be B20 biodiesel compatible

Also available in the North American-market Transit will be Ford's 3.5-litre EcoBoost gasoline engine. Both engines will be mated to a Ford 6R80 six-speed automatic transmission.

The Power Stroke 3.2-litre diesel is built in Ford’s Struandale Engine Plant in Port Elizabeth, South Africa. It will be shipped to Ford’s Kansas City Assembly Plant in Claycomo, Missouri, for installation in the Transit.